Diabetes is the inefficiency of the pancreas to create a hormone called Insulin. So before we discuss this disorder, it's better to have a slight review on the pancreas.
The pancreas is a gland behind the stomach and is active in both the Digestive and Immune systems. The endocrine tissues of the pancreas, create the Insulin hormone and secrete them in to the blood flow. The other key word in this essay is glucose.
Glucose is one of the products of digestion which in the cell mitochondria is turned into energy. But in order for glucose to enter the cell, the detection of insulin by insulin receptors is necessary. In other words insulin is the key for glucose to enter a cell.
Diabetes is divided into two groups: Diabetes type 1 and Diabetes type 2.
Diabetes type 1 is the disorder in which the pancreas doesn't produce sufficient insulin. This means that less glucose particles will be let into cells and more will be left strolling in the blood flow. The symptoms leading from this disease include high blood sugar, fatigue, extreme thirst and urination and constant hunger.
In diabetes type 2, the pancreas creates enough insulin but they are ineffective and the body can't use them. The same symptoms for diabetes type 1 also apply for the second branch of the disease as well as a few more. For example, slow healing sores, frequent infections and darkened areas on the skin.
Diabetes type 2 is more common and also a larger death threat in comparison with type 1 diabetes. It is usually diagnosed in adults and has no cure; though can be prevented and managed.
The certain cause of diabetes has not yet been discovered but smoking, extra weight (as extra fat interferes with the body's use of insulin), insufficient exercise, genetics, low HDL levels and a bad diet are considered to be some of the triggers. Some races such as the African Americans and also the Native Americans are relatively more prone to diabetes.